Boron is an element which is widespread in the rocks and water on the surface of the earth.
Boron minerals are natural compounds which contain different amounts of boric oxide (B2O3) in their structures. Boron minerals commonly found in Turkey are tinkal, colemanite and ulexite. These minerals are primarily enriched by subjecting to physical processes to obtain concentrated boron products, and then converted into various refined boron products by chemical processes.
Boron compounds are used in many areas such as glass industry, agriculture, chemical and detergents sector, ceramic and polymeric materials, metallurgy, nano-technologies, automotive and energy sectors, electronics and communications sectors, space and aircraft vehicles, nuclear applications, military vehicles, fuels, construction. As well as boron is consumed mostly in the form of refined boron products, it can also be consumed directly as concentrated boron products. However, approximately 80% of the boron products consumed in 2017 were used in the glass, ceramic-frit, agriculture and detergent-cleaning industry. Turkey produces the highest amount of refined boron products in the world.
The most important boron reserves are located in Turkey, USA, Russia and South America. All of the known boron deposites of our country are located in Western Anatolia, specifically; Eskişehir-Kırka, Kütahya-Emet, Bursa-Kestelek and Balıkesir- Bigadiç. Turkey has a total of 3.3 billion ton of boron reserves, which equates to 73% of the total world reserves, and puts it in first place in this respect.
The consumption of boron products throughout the world is nearly 3.865 million tons. Approximately 57% of world boron demand in 2017 was met by Turkey. By the end of 2017, the production amount of refined boron products is approximately 2.02 million tons. The production capacity has been increased to 2.7 million tons in order to continue this production sustainably. As of June 2018, 1.14 million tons of refined boron products produced.
In 2017, almost 2.2 million tons of boron was sold - an equivalent of 880 million US Dollars. That is to say, 97% of Eti Maden’s sales revenues came from export revenues. By the end of June 2018, Eti Maden obtained an income of 417 million dollars for 1.1 million tons of boron product sales.
In order to produce boron carbide, one of the high-tech boron products, in Bandırma (Balıkesir), a memorandum of understanding is signed on technology transfer. In this context, project studies are ongoing.
Turkey, in order to strengthen the global market position, targets a 59% market share by selling 2.35 million tons of boron products in 2018.
The details presented here have been prepared with the aim of informing the users of the website of our Ministry, and do not possess the characteristics of official binding documents.