Electricity

The gross electricity consumption in Turkey in 2015 was 265,7 billion kWh, while this figure rose by 3,3% in 2016, reaching 278,3 billion kWh. At the same time our electricity output fell by 4,9% when compared to the previous year (261,7 billion kWh) to 274,7 billion kWh.

According to the highly probable scenario of an increase of 6,9% to 392 TWh in the base scenario, electricity consumption in the year 2020 is expected to rise by 5,5% to 357,4 TWh. By the end of the of 2016, power plants containing a total of 5.899 MW additional capacity were added to the system, and as of the end of 2016 our capacity has risen to around 78.497,4 MW. In 2016, 32.1% of our electricity production was obtained from natural gas, 33.9% from coal, 24.7% from hydropower, 5.7% from wind, 1.8% from geothermal and 1.8% from other sources.

As of the end of 2016, EUAS ( State Electricity Generating Company) had a share of 27.8% in installed capacity of Turkey, 59% of the private sector, 8,3% of build-operate plants, 3,2% of build-operate-transfer plants and 0,4% of unlicensed power plants

As of the end of 2016, our electricity installed power with new power plants taken into operation and capacity increases have risen to 78.497,4 MW. By the end of 2016, the distribution of our installed power by resources; 35,4% hydraulic, 29% naturel gas,22,1% coal, 6,1% wind, 0,9% geothermal, 7,4% other sources.

In addition, as of the end of 2016, number of electricity energy production plants in our country have been 2.321. According to energy sources, number of existing plants is as follows:

  • 597 hydraulic
  • 39 coal
  • 171 wind
  • 31 geothermal
  • 260 natural gas
  • 1045 solar
  • 178 otherpower plants

In 2016, our electricity infrastructure strengthened in our country and the production increase in parallel with the increase in consumption was recorded. In addition, The connection of our electricity system with the European electricity system has also been strengthened. Long Term Agreement was signed between TEIAS and ENTSO-E on April 15, 2015. By this way, our country's electricity system has been permanently connected to the European electricity system. TEIAS also became the first and only observer member of ENTSO-E with the observer membership agreement on 14 January 2016

In line with the aim of liberalising the electricity market, it has been set forth that new generation investments be carried out by the private sector, in accordance with the Legislation numbered 4628 and the new Electricity Market Legislation numbered 6446.

It is aimed that a transparent and competitive market be formed in the electricity sector, and that the environment for investment be developed in this way. Within this scope, EPIAS (Electricity Markets Operating Corporation) has been established and started its operations.

The details presented here have been prepared with the aim of informing the users of the website of our Ministry, and do not possess the characteristics of official binding documents.

 

INFORMATION AND DOCUMENTS RELATED TO ELECTRICITY
Electric Energy Market and Security of Supply Strategy Document (In Turkish)
The Electricity Market Legislation Numbered 6446 (In Turkish)
The Energy Productivity Legislation Numbered 5627 (In Turkish)
The Use of Renewable Energy Sources for the Purposes of Generating Electricity, Legislation Numbered 5346 (In Turkish)
The Electricity Market Legislation and the Legislation Amending Certain Legislations
Build-Operate Model with the Establishment and Operation of Electricity Generation Plants with the Legislation on the Regulation of Electricity Sales, Legislation Numbered 4283 (In Turkish)
Electricity Generation and Distribution Law on Trafficking Assignment of Institutions other than TEK (In Turkish)