Electricity

The gross electricity consumption in Turkey in 2017 was 296,7 billion kWh. Also, it was 147,2 billion kWh by the end of June 2018.

According to the highly probable scenario of an increase of 4,8% to 385 TWh in the base scenario, electricity consumption in the year 2023 is expected to rise by 5,5% to 357,4 TWh. By the end of the first half of 2018, power plants containing a total of 2284,1 MW additional capacity were added to the system, and as of the end of the first half of 2018 our capacity has risen to around 87.139 MW. As of the end of the first half of 2018, 28,5% of our electricity production was obtained from natural gas, 36,4% from coal, 22,4% from hydropower, 6,3% from wind, 2,3% from geothermal, 2,4% from solar energy and 1,6% from other sources.

As of the end of the first half of 2018, EUAS ( State Electricity Generating Company) had a share of 22,8% in installed capacity of Turkey, 62,9% of the private sector, 7,0% of build-operate plants, 1,6% of build-operate-transfer plants and 5,7% of unlicensed power plants.

By the end of the first half of 2018, the distribution of our installed power by resources; 32,0% hydraulic, 26,4% naturel gas, 22,2% coal, 7,7% wind, 1,3% geothermal, 5,4% solar and 5,0% other sources.

In addition, As of the end of the first half of 2018, number of electricity energy production plants in our country have been 6,886. According to energy sources, number of existing plants is as follows:

  • 636 hydraulic
  • 63 coal
  • 232 wind
  • 40 geothermal
  • 303 natural gas
  • 5.422 solar
  • 190 otherpower plants

Our electricity infrastructure strengthened in our country and the production increase in parallel with the increase in consumption was recorded. In addition, The connection of our electricity system with the European electricity system has also been strengthened. Long Term Agreement was signed between TEIAS and ENTSO-E on April 15, 2015. By this way, our country's electricity system has been permanently connected to the European electricity system. TEIAS also became the first and only observer member of ENTSO-E with the observer membership agreement on 14 January 2016.

In line with the aim of liberalising the electricity market, it has been set forth that new generation investments be carried out by the private sector, in accordance with the new Electricity Market Legislation numbered 6446.

It is aimed that a transparent and competitive market be formed in the electricity sector, and that the environment for investment be developed in this way. Within this scope, EPIAS (Electricity Markets Operating Corporation) has been established and started its operations.

The details presented here have been prepared with the aim of informing the users of the website of our Ministry, and do not possess the characteristics of official binding documents.

 

INFORMATION AND DOCUMENTS RELATED TO ELECTRICITY
Electric Energy Market and Security of Supply Strategy Document (In Turkish)
The Electricity Market Legislation Numbered 6446 (In Turkish)
The Energy Productivity Legislation Numbered 5627 (In Turkish)
The Use of Renewable Energy Sources for the Purposes of Generating Electricity, Legislation Numbered 5346 (In Turkish)
The Electricity Market Legislation and the Legislation Amending Certain Legislations
Build-Operate Model with the Establishment and Operation of Electricity Generation Plants with the Legislation on the Regulation of Electricity Sales, Legislation Numbered 4283 (In Turkish)
Electricity Generation and Distribution Law on Trafficking Assignment of Institutions other than TEK (In Turkish)