Geothermal

Geothermal energy is clean, cheap and environmentally friendly, which is our domestic energy source.

Turkey is located on an active tectonic zone as geological and geographical location, and for this reason our country is rich in terms of geothermal energy resources. Our country have approximately 1000 geothermal springs that located all over the country that have various of temperatures.

The geothermal capacity of our country is very high. 78% of these geothermal fields are situated in Western Anatolia, 9 in Central Anatolia, 7% in the Marmara Region, 5% in Eastern Anatolia and 1% in the other regions. 90% of our geothermal resources are low and medium enthalpy Geothermal areas which are suitable for direct applications (heating, thermal tourism, the output of minerals, etc.), while 10% are suitable for indirect applications (generation of electricity).

Geothermal sources have widespread uses in Turkey. Today geothermal energy is used for electricity production, heating (greenhouse and residences), thermal and health tourism, industrial mineral achievement and for drying purposes. First geothermal electricity generation held in Kızıldere geothermal field by MTA in 1975 and was initiated by Kızıldere power plant with 0.5 MWe power.

The installed capacity of geothermal energy as of year 2017 was 14.06 GWe. Top five countries in this area are the USA, Philippines, Indonesia, Turkey and New Zealand. Total direct use of geothermal energy in the World with same reference is 70,329 MWt as end of year 2017. Top 5 countries in direct usage applications are USA, China, Sweden, Belarus and Norway.

In order to develop existing resources and to search for new resources/fields, which is our ministry projections also, MTA’s geothermal budget increased about ten times for geothermal energy explorations and drillings reached from 2,000 meters to 28,000 meters.

In 2008, after the Geothermal Resources and Natural Mineralized Waters Law come into force, private sector began to introduce development and investment of geothermal projects also. With this development, the country's total geothermal heat capacity (visible amount of heat) reached to 35,500 MWt.

The details presented here have been prepared with the aim of informing the users of the website of our Ministry, and do not possess the characteristics of official binding documents.

INFORMATION AND DOCUMENTS RELATED TO GEOTHERMAL
Legislation Numbered 5686 on Geothermal Resources and Natural Mineral Waters (In Turkish)