Natural gas which is one of the oil derivatives is a gas lighter than air, inflammable, colourless and odourless. It consists of various hydrocarbons like methane (CH4) and ethane (C2H6). Gas reserves are located underground usually together with oil as associate gas. They can also be extracted from non-associated gas fields. Natural gas can be used without refining and is transported by pipelines or by vessels in liquid form after being liquefied.
80 trillion m3 of the natural gas reserves (43%) are located in Middle Eastern countries, 54 trillion m3 (29%) in Russia and the CIS and 30 trillion m3 (16%) in African/Asia Pacific countries.
As of the end of 2016, our remaining producible natural gas reserves were 18,7 biîlion m3. Our installed capacity using natural gas for the generation of electrıcity in 2016 was 21.217 MW, and this value meets 28,3 percent of our total installed capacity.
According to the studies on the natural gas supply-demand balances, there is no problem concerning the meeting of the annual natural gas demand. However, during the winter months, when demand is high, the fall of temperatures to levels below seasonal norms, and as a result the rise of consumption to maximum levels, and any faults in the source countries or countries en-route during the same period, can lead to periodic imbalances between supply and demand. Within this framework, the Silivri Natural Gas Storage Facility, which has a working gas capacity of 2,84 billion Sm3, was taken over by BOTAŞ as of 01 September 2016 in order to be used effecively for ensuring seasonal supply-demand balance and supply security. Further, the Tuz Gölü (Salt Lake) Natural Gas Underground Storage Project, which is currently under construction, was revised by the High Planning Council (YPK) with a decision no. 2016/43 dated 16/12/2016. According to the decision, the working gas capacity is increased to 5 bcm from 1 bcm and withdrawal capacity is increased to 80 mcm/day from 40 mcm/day. Within the scope of the project it's aimed to reach 250 mcm working gas capacity in 2017, 500 mcm in 2018, 1,75 bcm in 2020, 3 bcm in 2021 and 5 bcm in 2023 respectively.
The first Floating Storage and Regasification Unit (FSRU) of Turkey is invested by the private sector in Aliağa/İzmir on 23 December,2016 so as to achieve supply security and diversification of gas sources. Moreover, studies for the connection of FSRU to natural gas transmission system in İskenderun and Saros Gulfs are continuing by BOTAS.
Turkey puts excessive emphasis and priority in domestic oil and natural gas exploration and production activities. Projects developed for transporting gas to be produced in the neighbouring regions to Europe through Turkey have always been supported for their strategic importance.Our strategy to become a gas trading hub in the region at the medium and long term is insistently maintained.
The details presented here have been prepared with the aim of informing the users of the website of our Ministry, and do not possess the characteristics of official binding documents.