Natural Stones

Due to its geological structure, our country possesses a wealthy potential in terms of natural stones. According to current data there are 4 billion m3 of exploitable marble, 2,8 billion m3 of exploitable travertine, and 1 billion m3 of granite reserves. According to these figures, Turkey holds close to 40% of the total natural stone reserves in the world.

Researchs in Turkey shows that there are approximately 650 different color and texture types of marble in our country. Our primary natural stone products are (all with various colors and patterns) crystalline limestone (marble), limestone, onyx, conglomerate, breccia, and rocks with magmatic origin (granite, syenite, diabase, diorite, antigorite, etc.).

When evaluated together our reserves and the variety of our marble, it can be seen that the sector creates a significant source of employment, and that we possess an important place among the world markets.

The most well-known marble types in the international market by producing in Turkey are as follows: Süpren, Elazig Cherry, Aksehir Black, Manyas White, Bilecik Beige, Tiger Skin, Denizli Travertine, Aegean Claret, Milas Lilac, Gemlik Diabase and Afyon Sugar.

Natural stone sector couldn’t reach its real potential within our economy for many years. When taken into the scope of Mining Legislation in 1985, the sector has entered a new era and since then, the sector grew year by year. Today natural stone sector has become leading sector in terms of mining exports.

Today, in marble production classical methods have been replaced by modern methods. Marble processing capacities are continuously growing and the number of marble plants functioning with modern technologies are increasing. As a result of those our exports, which were of block marble for many years, are now – to a high proportion – finished goods.

In the marble sector there are 2.468 marble quarries, 2.000 small and medium-sized factories, and 9.000 workshops, employing close to 300.000 people. Almost all of the production is carried out by the private sector. According to the GDMA data, the total production of natural stones in Turkey was about 17,5 million m3 in 2015.

 

Natural Stone Name

Natural Stone Production 

 

 

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Unit

1

Ignimbrite

55.873

14.275

29.380

32.195

36.579

m3

2

Marble

4.086.222

4.488.947

4.255.545

4.220.564

5.613.435

m3

3

Onyx

7.678

13.335

15.665

10.688

6.905

m3

4

Travertine

1.685.049

797.915

713.697

812.840

1.239.369

m3

Total

5.834.822

5.314.472

5.014.287

5.076.287

6.896.288

m3

 m3 = 2,7 ton

15.754.019

14.349.074

13.538.575

13.705.974

18.619.978

TON

1

Andesite

2.878.093

2.891.804

3.358.863

6.803.746

4.860.348

ton

2

Basalt

18.656.135

19.300.297

23.422.845

21.966.172

22.710.931

ton

3

Granite

245.911

566.650

896.348

1.219.916

157.463

ton

4

Decorative stone + Mozaic + slateetc.

651.932

296.802

641.662

1.242.236

108.155

ton

5

Serpentinite

2.514.601

1.025.427

14.701

13.112

138.454

ton

6

Building Stone

270.270

65.756

37.945

33.553

68.302

ton

7

Diabase

293.777

94.835

335.958

226.939

331.027

ton

8

Gabbro

 

 

252.463

255.070

198.947

ton 

Total

25.510.719

24.241.571

28.960.785

31.760.744

28.573.627

ton

Grand Total

41.264.738

38.590.645

42.499.360

45.466.718

47.193.605

ton


 

Marble is exported in block form, or as cut and polished. The product with the highest added value in the export of natural stones is processed marble and processed travertine. The export potential of the sector is developing at pace, in parallel with investments. Between 2003 – 2016 our exports of natural stones rose by 333% from 1,5 megaton to 6,5 megaton.

Revenues from exports have decreased from 2,1 billion dollars in 2014 to 1,9 billion dollars in 2015. 53,7% of the exports of natural stones in 2013 were processed products. The country in first place in the exports of travertine, which constitute the most important part of exports, is the USA. The USA is followed by Iraq and Saudi Arabia. The most important buyer of block marble is the People’s Republic of China. This country is followed, in order, by India and Taiwan.

The Turkish natural stones sector, which was in eighth place in the exports of natural stones just a few years ago, moved up to fifth place as of 2006. Especially for marble and travertine exports, Turkey has left China, Italy and Spain behind in 2009, and became the country realizing the largest amount of exports.

 

Natural Stone Exports of Turkey

NATURAL STONES

2014

2015

2016

NATURAL STONES (BLOCK)

QTY (KG)

VALUE ($)

QTY (KG)

VALUE ($)

QTY (KG)

VALUE ($)

Marble - Travertıne Crude, Rough-Hewnorblock

5.684.901.246

1.122.667.120

4.350.560

872.920.320

4.360.083

860.077.715

Granıte Crude, Rough-Hewnorblock

578.326.661

17.679.606

112.087

9.649.937

100.661

10.836.568

Slate - Crude, Rough-Hewn

4.495.585

566.137

3.041

381.419

3.110

376.619

TOTAL:

6.267.723.492

1.140.912.863

4.465.688

882.951.676

4.463.854

871.290.902

NATURAL STONES (PROCESSED)

Processed Marble

1.573.555.264

760.940.565

1.508.437

752.803.933

1.529.425

694.929.225

Processed Travertine

494.826.424

261.150.998

456.700

226.831.623

436.054

199.708.953

Other Processed Stones Suitable For Construction

30.109.570

24.422.101

24.809

14.099.573

26.117

14.681.631

Natural Stonetile, Ranuli, Part Sand Powders

32.407.415

14.273.956

26.153

14.968.446

24.675

10.346.341

Processed Granite

13.952.320

1.834.714

13.846

4.094.093

21.089

5.824.952

Processed Slate

21.643.647

14.042.286

18.458

8.091.430

15.027

5.510.952

Natural Stone Pavıng and Stones Labs

2.482.660

4.817.638

1.777

2.417.882

2.067

3.578.799

TOTAL:

2.168.977.299

1.081.482.258

2.050.179

1.023.306.980

2.054.455

934.580.855

NATURAL STONES GRAND TOTAL

8.436.700.792

2.222.395.120

6.515.868

1.906.258.655

6.518.308

1.805.871.758


 

The details presented here have been prepared with the aim of informing the users of the website of our Ministry, and do not possess the characteristics of official binding documents.