Nuclear Power Plants in our Country and World
Our country's goal is to have 1 trillion dollar national income, 500 billion dollars exportation, 25.000 dollars national per capita income and to be one of the world's top 10 economies by 2023. When we review the energy sources, which are locomotives of the economy, it is seen that our external energy dependency is almost 75%. On the other hand, our country has the second highest electricity demand after China and also it is in the first place in Europe. In this framework, we have to get the most of domestic and renewable energy sources, as well as have to include the energy that to-be generated via nuclear power plants in our energy portfolio. Our country has been planning to commission the 2 nuclear power plants and also to start the construction of the third one by 2023.
Nuclear power plants are base-load power plants and are able to operate continuously regardless of climate and meteorological conditions. Besides, while the capacity factor of nuclear power plants is about 90%, the operating life is 60 years in the next generation nuclear power plants. It is also very advantageous in terms of environmental impact as it does not emit greenhouse gases in operation and requires much smaller areas than other power plants as installation area.
As of August 2017, 446 nuclear power plants operates in 31 countries around the World and construction of 59 of them continues. Even the countries that have rich oil and natural gas reserves utilize nuclear energy to generate electricity.
Nuclear power plants are not only electricity generation facilities, but also provide vital contributions on employment, human resources, technology and as well as many other fields.
There would be 10.000 people employed in site when the construction of nuclear power plant peaks, and 3500-400 people in operation phase. The human resource quality related to nuclear in plant operator, related public establishments and universities have been improved and technological experience about civil nuclear technology and many other fields have been enhanced.