Nuclear Power Plants in our Country and World
When we review the energy sources, which are locomotives of the economy, it is seen that our external energy dependency is almost 76%. On the other hand, our country, with its only 80 million populations, has the second highest electricity demand after China which has almost 1,4 billion populations.
In this framework, we have to get the most of domestic and renewable energy sources, as well as have to include the energy that to-be generated via nuclear power plants in our energy portfolio.
Even if all of our renewable energy potential is utilized, demand for electricity consumption in 2023 cannot be met. Nuclear power plants are base-load power plants and are able to operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, regardless of climate and meteorological conditions. Besides, while the capacity factor of nuclear power plants is about 90%, the operating life is 60 years in the next generation nuclear power plants. It is also very advantageous in terms of environmental impact as it does not emit greenhouse gases in operation and requires much smaller areas than other power plants as installation area. Our country has been planning to commission the nuclear power plants by 2023.
When we pay regard to the nuclear power plants in the world; it is seen that 449 nuclear power plants exist in 31 countries and the population of these 10 countries in 31 countries is less than Istanbul.
Even the countries that have rich oil and natural gas reserves utilize nuclear energy to generate electricity. While there are 60 nuclear reactor constructions in the world, 1 in France which has largest share of electricity generated by nuclear power, 5 in US which has more nuclear power plants than any country, 20 in China and 4 in United Arab Emirates.
In Germany, where nuclear power plants that have reached the end of the their lifetime were shut down upon Fukushima accident, 8 central power plants are still in operation and about 13% of the electricity supply is provided by nuclear power. Japan has been commissioning the nuclear power plants which were temporarily shot down, upon security inspections. Today 3 nuclear reactors are in operation in Japan.
Nuclear power plants are not only electricity generation facilities, but also provide vital contributions on employment, human resources, technology and as well as many other fields.
Nuclear-related human resources are increasing in civil engineering, governmental institutions and universities, and civilian nuclear technology and many in-situ technological know-how are increasing.
There would be 10.000 people employed in site when the construction of nuclear power plant peaks, and 3500-400 people in operation phase. The human resource quality related to nuclear in plant operator, related public establishments and universities have been improved and technological experience about civil nuclear technology and many other fields have been enhanced.