- Iraq – Turkey Crude Oil Pipeline
- Baku – Tbilisi – Ceyhan Crude Oil Main Export Pipeline
IRAQ – TURKEY CRUDE OIL PIPELINE
Iraq - Turkey Crude Oil Pipeline was built in order to transport the crude oil produced in Kirkuk field and other fields of Iraq to the Ceyhan (Yumurtalık) Marine Terminal within the framework of the Crude Oil Pipeline Agreement between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Iraq signed on 27 August 1973. The first pipeline with a 40” diameter and 986 km length was operated in the year of 1976 and first tanker was loaded on 25 May 1977. The construction of second pipeline parallel to the first pipeline has been started at the year of 1985 and finished at 1987. With second pipeline with a 46” diameter, the annual transportation capacity was increased to 70.9 million ton. An amendment concerning the renewal of the Kirkuk - Yumurtalık Crude Oil Pipeline Agreement and its protocols and extension of these agreements for 15 years has been signed between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Iraq on 19 September 2010.
BOTAŞ is the owner of the part of pipeline that is in the territory of the Republic of Turkey and also is the operator of that part of pipeline.
BAKU – TBILISI – CEYHAN MAIN EXPORT CRUDE OIL PIPELINE (BTC)
With Baku – Tbilisi – Ceyhan Main Export Crude Oil Pipeline, it is aimed to transport the crude oil produced in Caspian Region, especially Azeri oil, from Azerbaijan to Ceyhan Marine Terminal through Georgia via a safe, economically and environmentally suitable pipeline system and onwards to world markets from Ceyhan Marine Terminal via tankers.
In this context, the Intergovernmental Agreement has been signed between Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey on 18 November 1999. The Host Government Agreement that is appendix of the Intergovernmental Agreement was signed between the Republic of Turkey and Main Export Pipeline Participants on 19 October 2000.
Petroleum Pipeline Corporation (BOTAŞ) was the Turnkey Contractor for the part of BTC pipeline in the territory of the Republic of Turkey with a 1076 km length. In addition, BOTAŞ International Limited (BIL) is the operator of the part of BTC pipeline in the territory of the Republic of Turkey.
With BTC pipeline which reaches to Turkey through Baku (Azerbaijan) and Tbilisi (Georgia) and is operational since 4 June 2006, Turkmen and Kazakh oil are also transported depending on production besides the Azeri oil.