Turkey has high solar energy potential due to its geographical location.
According to the Solar Energy Map (SEM) of Turkey prepared by the Renewable Energy General Directorate, it has been determined that the total annual insolation time is 2.737 hours (a total of 7,5 hours per day), and the total solar energy derived per year is 1.527 kWh/m2 per year (total 4,2 kWh/m2 per day). While solar energy technologies are extremely varied in terms of their methods, materials and technological levels, they can be split into two principal groups:
Photo-emissive Solar Technologies and Concentrated Solar Power (CSP):In this system heat is obtained from solar energy, and can be used either directly or in the generation of electricity.
Solar Cells:Semi-conducting materials, which are also known as photovoltaic solar energy systems, convert the sunlight directly into electricity.
This capacity will be increased gradually in the coming years, with the target of our Ministry being a minimum of 3000 MW installed capacity of license PV plants in 2023.
The total established solar collector area within our country as of 2012 was calculated as being close to 18.640.000 m2. The annual production of planary solar collectors was calculated as 1.164.000 m2 and vacuum-tube collectors was 57.600 m2. 50% of the planary collectors, and all of the vacuum-tube collectors which are produced are known to be used within the country.
In 2015, close to 811.000 TEP Tonnes Equivalent to Petrol) heat energy was produced using solar collectors. The use of the heat energy produced in 2015 was calculated as 528.000 TEP in homes, and 283.000 TEP for industrial purposes.
As of the end of 2016, it has been given the pre-licence 34 solar power plant whose installed capacity is 402 MW and the licence 2 solar power plant whose installed capacity is 12,9MW. Also, at the end of 2016 with the establishment of unlicensed power generation plants the number of solar power plants is 1043 and the total installed power of these plants is 819,6 MW.Total installed power of solar energy-based power generation plants is 832,5 MW.