Solar energy is a renewable energy resource with features such as convenience of installation and utilization, not polluting the environment and not creating hazardous waste.
According to the Solar Energy Map (SEM) of Turkey prepared by Ministary of Energy and Natural Resources, it has been determined that the total annual insolation time is 2,741 hours (a total of 7,5 hours per day), and the total solar energy derived per year is 1,527 kWh/m2 per year (total 4,18 kWh/m2 per day).
Nowadays, two different technologies used very different forms and areas for production electrical energy from solar energy. Though solar energy technologies vary in terms of method, material and technological level, they can be divided in two major groups:
Photovoltaic Technology:Semi-conducting materials, which are also known as photovoltaic solar energy systems, convert the sunlight directly into electricity.
Photo-emissive Solar Technologies and Concentrated Solar Power (CSP):In this system heat is obtained from solar energy, and can be used either directly or in the generation of electricity.
The total established solar collector area within our country as of 2018 was calculated as being close to 20,200,000 m2. Also, in 2018, close to 876,720 TEP (Tonnes Equivalent to Petrol) heat energy was produced using solar collectors.
As of the end of 2018, the total number of solar power plants are reached 5,863 and installed capacity of the solar power plant is 5,063 MW of which 4,981.2 MW are unlicensed and 81.8 MW are licensed. Electricity production of solar energy increased to 2.5% with 7,477.3 GWh in total electricity production in our country.
Within the scope of Re-Zone competition which made tender in 20/03/2017, construction of a 1,000 MWe capacity solar power plant in Konya-Karapınar that will be one of the world’s largest solar power plants is proceeded. Moreover the establishment of a factory where solar modules will be produced 60% local which will be used in the solar power plant and the establishment of R&D center be carried out in the field of solar energy is proceeded.